The "http" scheme is used to locate network resources via the HTTP
protocol. This section defines the scheme-specific syntax and
semantics for http URLs.
http_URL = "http:" "//" host [ ":" port ] [ abs_path ]
host = <A legal Internet host domain name
or IP address (in dotted-decimal form),
as defined by Section 2.1 of RFC 1123>
port = *DIGIT
If the port is empty or not given, port 80 is assumed. The semantics
are that the identified resource is located at the server listening
for TCP connections on that port of that host, and the Request-URI
for the resource is abs_path. If the abs_path is not present in the
URL, it must be given as "/" when used as a Request-URI (Section
Note: Although the HTTP protocol is independent of the transport
layer protocol, the http URL only identifies resources by their
TCP location, and thus non-TCP resources must be identified by
some other URI scheme.
The canonical form for "http" URLs is obtained by converting any
UPALPHA characters in host to their LOALPHA equivalent (hostnames are
case-insensitive), eliding the [ ":" port ] if the port is 80, and
replacing an empty abs_path with "/".
3.3 Date/Time Formats
HTTP/1.0 applications have historically allowed three different
formats for the representation of date/time stamps:
Sun, 06 Nov 1994 08:49:37 GMT ; RFC 822, updated by RFC 1123
Sunday, 06-Nov-94 08:49:37 GMT ; RFC 850, obsoleted by RFC 1036
Sun Nov 6 08:49:37 1994 ; ANSI C's asctime() format
RFC 1945 HTTP/1.0 May 1996
The first format is preferred as an Internet standard and represents
a fixed-length subset of that defined by RFC 1123  (an update to
RFC 822 ). The second format is in common use, but is based on the
obsolete RFC 850  date format and lacks a four-digit year.
HTTP/1.0 clients and servers that parse the date value should accept
all three formats, though they must never generate the third
Note: Recipients of date values are encouraged to be robust in
accepting date values that may have been generated by non-HTTP
applications, as is sometimes the case when retrieving or posting
messages via proxies/gateways to SMTP or NNTP.
All HTTP/1.0 date/time stamps must be represented in Universal Time
(UT), also known as Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), without exception.
This is indicated in the first two formats by the inclusion of "GMT"
as the three-letter abbreviation for time zone, and should be assumed
when reading the asctime format.
HTTP-date = rfc1123-date | rfc850-date | asctime-date
rfc1123-date = wkday "," SP date1 SP time SP "GMT"
rfc850-date = weekday "," SP date2 SP time SP "GMT"
asctime-date = wkday SP date3 SP time SP 4DIGIT
date1 = 2DIGIT SP month SP 4DIGIT
; day month year (e.g., 02 Jun 1982)
date2 = 2DIGIT "-" month "-" 2DIGIT
; day-month-year (e.g., 02-Jun-82)
date3 = month SP ( 2DIGIT | ( SP 1DIGIT ))
; month day (e.g., Jun 2)
time = 2DIGIT ":" 2DIGIT ":" 2DIGIT
; 00:00:00 - 23:59:59
wkday = "Mon" | "Tue" | "Wed"
| "Thu" | "Fri" | "Sat" | "Sun"
weekday = "Monday" | "Tuesday" | "Wednesday"
| "Thursday" | "Friday" | "Saturday" | "Sunday"
month = "Jan" | "Feb" | "Mar" | "Apr"
| "May" | "Jun" | "Jul" | "Aug"
| "Sep" | "Oct" | "Nov" | "Dec"
Note: HTTP requirements for the date/time stamp format apply
only to their usage within the protocol stream. Clients and
servers are not required to use these formats for user
RFC 1945 HTTP/1.0 May 1996